Many people are trying to get rid of extra pounds, and even more of them would like to lose weight without training and diets. However, if you suddenly find out that your favorite jeans started to fall off you, and on the scales the figure you could only dream about, think about it. The reasons for a sharp weight loss are many, but it is worth remembering that not all of them are terrible – only in some cases, strong weight loss can indicate serious health problems.
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First of all, we determine what is considered a sharp weight loss. If you lost about 5% of your weight in six months, without resorting to diets or training, then you should consult a doctor at least for advice. If you initially have a small weight, then the cause for concern may be the loss of fewer kilograms.
A specialist will ask you a few questions about your health and lifestyle. For example:
have you had any recent problems with your teeth (prolonged treatment can affect your appetite – many simply find it difficult to eat the usual food in the usual amounts);
Did you suffer from diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting?
Do not you feel stress all the time and whether there have been serious upheavals in your life recently;
whether you eat as before or the appetite has decreased;
whether you smoke and drink alcohol;
do you have any more complaints.
It is worth informing the doctor and whether you take any pills, dietary supplements, herbal teas and other similar products. Most likely the doctor will prescribe a general blood test and other studies – this will eliminate or confirm his suspicions about the causes of weight loss.
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The first thing many people start to think about, discovering that they have lost a lot of weight – oncology. Sharp weight loss in many is associated with cancer. Doctors, however, are more optimistic and explain that weight loss is not likely to be the only sign indicating the presence of a tumor in the body, and other weight loss will be other signs.
In addition, a sharp weight loss can be associated with other diseases, including celiac disease, depression, diabetes, metabolic disorders, lung disease, heart or gastrointestinal problems and tuberculosis.
Strong weight loss without obvious reasons is a serious cause for concern. Even if you feel like you feel great, consult a doctor – the earlier the cause of the sudden weight loss is established, the faster the treatment will be prescribed and the more effective it will be.
Weight loss can be caused by obvious reasons, such as reducing the number and calorie content of food, increasing exercise, fitness, diet or stress. If none of the above factors is true, and weight continues to melt, this may be a symptom of a disease.
Losing weight as a result of illness
Rapid and unexplained weight loss may indicate development:
- Gastrointestinal infection
- Parasites inhabiting the gastrointestinal tract
- Chronic inflammation of the digestive tract
- Intolerance to certain foods (eg, gluten or lactose)
- Inflammation of the pancreas
- Diabetes mellitus
- Edison’s disease.
And it can also be an indicator of the abuse of alcohol, nicotine or drugs. The appointment of unsuitable medications to a patient can also contribute to weight loss.
What will the doctor ask?
Any decrease in body weight, which develops on its own without any effort on the part of a person, should be an occasion to seek the advice of a doctor to find out the cause of this phenomenon. The specialist will find out if any additional symptoms accompany the unexpected weight loss: a breakdown, a stool, a pain. Be sure to tell him about what diseases preceded the treatment, for example, chronic inflammation of the intestine or cancer, whether any medications are taken, whether the patient does not have cause for stress in his personal life or in the workplace. Calculation of the body mass index will help to establish whether the patient’s weight is within the norm or falls below its values. A thorough examination of the patient, ultrasound, ECG and blood test will help to identify the possible cause of weight loss. You may also need to study feces to identify possible intestinal parasites.
Treatment of weight loss
Since there are many reasons for unexpected weight loss, treatment will depend entirely on the diagnosis. Proper nutrition, balanced by caloric content and the content of nutrients should be the first milestone in the path of weight normalization. If the reason for losing weight is the intolerance of certain foods, the patient may need a special diet, the observance of which will help him to return to normal life. So, with lactose intolerance, you will have to give up not only milk and dairy products, but in the future it will be necessary to carefully monitor the composition of all consumed products so that lactose does not accidentally appear in them. If the cause of weight loss is a malignant tumor, the patient will need specialized treatment of the disease, aimed at eliminating the cause of weight loss.